5 Breath-Taking Place in Cappadocia
Cappadocia is one of the most visited touristic places in Turkey. It is unique in the world. This breathtaking beauty was born with the erosion of the lavas and ashes by wind and rain during millions of years. As a result, mother nature created glories fairy chimneys.
Cappadocia means Country of the Beautiful Horses in Persian. It has unique fairy chimneys, ancient churches, and as the name explains beautiful horses. UNESCO World Heritage inscribed place attracts over 3 millions tourist each year. Let’s take a close look at magical world Cappadocia.
1. Uçhisar Castle
Uçhisar castle is the highest point of the Cappadocia. The castle is the biggest fairy chimney in the area and the only place where you can have bird’s eye view of Cappadocia. Watching the sunset at the top of castle shows how the Valley changes its colour to reddish. The summit of the Uçhisar castle has many carved graves, carved cubes, and a huge cistern. If you don’t go there, your trip to Cappadocia is not completed.
2. Göreme Open Air Museum
Cappadocia has 360 carved churches. Göreme Open Air Museum has the best protected Byzantium era churches and frescos. The museum has six churches and two monasteries. The churches have paintings with different techniques like Secco and Fresco.
Karanlık Kilise (Dark Church), one of the six churches in the open air museum, was a hard to reach place through the tunnel. Therefore, it was not affected when the city was invaded. The church gets sunlight through a small opening and inside is gloomy. That is why it is called Dark Church. It is known as the best-protected church from the 11th century.
Ürgüp is one of the most important places in Cappadocia. Soft volcanic tufa allowed people to carve the rocks and hills for building a home. Therefore, it has many carved houses. If households needed a house, they took advantages of the soft volcanic tufa and hollowed one more room. It was religious centre during Byzant Empire period. It protected its importance during Ottoman era and the place became an important hub.
Ürgüp has many places attracting tourists. Pink Valley, Temenni Hills, Taşkın Paşa Mosque, Saint Theodore Church are just a few example of the worth to see places.
Cappadocia is also popular with wine producing and Ürgüp is the centre so If you go there don’t forget to visit wine houses.
Cappadocia Art and History museum is also worth to see in Ürgüp. The museum has thousands of hand-made dolls from different countries and depicts different periods of the Anatolia’s culture. Sibel Radiye Gül is the creative mind behind the doll museum. She is a doll collector. She has made thousands of tragacanth dolls and collected hundreds from all around the world.
Ortahisar is at the centre point between Göreme and Ürgüp so it is named Orta Hisar (middle castle). It is hosting Tavşanlı, Harim, Sarıca, Cambazlı, Balkan Deresi churches and Hallaç Dere monastery. It also has an ethnography museum which shows the culture of Cappadocia.
The castle is the most important place to visit. It has many huge rooms, joint corridors, and tunnels. You can climb the top of the Ortahisar castle and shot breath-taking photos.
5. Underground Cities
You can see the previous places on the Cappadocia but there are other cities under the Cappadocia. I know fairy chimneys are taking your breath but underground cities will definitely impress you. There are 30 underground cities but only seven of them are open to visitors. The most visited ones are Kaymaklı and Derinkuyu underground cities. Interestingly, there is no fairy chimney around these two cities. Some cities hosted more than 30 thousand people once upon a time.