Do you know these facts about Turkey?

Gobekli Tepe - the oldest temple of the world is located in Turkey

Gobekli Tepe – the oldest temple of the world is located in Turkey

  • Gobekli Tepe / Şanliurfa is the oldest human-made place of worship yet discovered, dated to 7500 – 6000 BC.
  •  The world’s oldest known settlement is in Catalhoyuk in central Anatolia, Turkey, and dates back to 6,500 BC.

St. Nicholas Church

St. Nicholas Church – Image Credit:

  • St Nicolas – the original Santa Claus – was born in Antalya Patara in Turkey and has a church dedicated to him in Antalya Demre.
  •  The only city in the world located on two continents is Istanbul, which has been the capital of three great empires, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman for more than 2,000 years.
  • The Seven Churches referred in the Book of Revelation are all found in Turkey: Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia and Laodicea.
  • Part of Turkey’s south western shore ( Alanya, Taseli ) was a wedding gift from Mark Antony to Cleopatra.
  • The word “turquoise” derives from the French word for Turkish (Turquois), the beautiful colour of waters of the Mediterranean Sea on the southern Turkish coast.

    Home of Turquoise

    Turley is Home of Turquoise

  • Virgin Mary spent her last days in Selcuk, Izmir, near the ancient city of Ephesus.
  • The first known University in history is in Harran, Southeast Turkey.
  • One of the first most accurate world maps were drawn by the well-known Turkish cartographer and navigator Piri Reis in 16th century.
  • The most valuable silk carpet in the world is in the Mevlana Museum in Konya, Turkey. Marco Polo’s journeys in the thirteenth centuries took him here, and he remarked that the “best and handsomest of rugs” were to be found in Turkey.
  • Contrary to popular opinion, tulip originated not in Holland but on the Asian steppes. The Turks first gave the Dutch their famous tulips that started the craze for the flower in England and the Netherlands. There is a period of elegance and amusement in 18th century is named “The Tulip Age” in Ottoman Empire
  • Julius Caesar proclaimed his celebrated words “Veni , Vedi, Vici” (I came, I saw, I conquered) in  Tokat Zile when he defeated Pontus, a formidable Kingdom in the Black Sea Region of Turkey.
  • The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus is one of the seven world wonders (today only base ruins remain in Selcuk, Izmir)
  • The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus is one of the seven world wonders (today only base ruins remain in Bodrum, Mugla).
  •  The first man ever to fly was Turkish. Using two wings, Hezarfen Ahmet Celebi flew from the Galata Tower over the Bosphorus to land in Uskudar in the 17th century.
  • Homer (Homeros) was born in Izmir on the west coast of Turkey and he depicted Troy, which is north of Izmir, in his Epic the Iliad.
  • Leonardo da Vinci drew designs for a bridge over the Golden Horn, an inlet at the mouth of the Bosporus. However the bridge was never built.
  • The famous Trojan Wars took place in Canakkale Turkey, around the site where a wooden model of the Trojan horse has been erected at the site.
Gypsy Girl Mosaic is the symbol of the ancient city of Zeugma

Gypsy Girl Mosaic is the symbol of the ancient city of Zeugma

  • The world biggest mosaic museum Zeugma Mosaic Museum is located in Turkey’s southeastern province Gaziantep.
  • The first coins ever minted were done so at Sardis, near İzmir, the capital of the ancient Kingdom of Lycia, at the end of the seventh century B.C.
  •  According to the Legend of Great Flood, after the withdrawal of the waters, Noah’s Ark landed on Mount Ağrı in eastern Anatolia.
  •  Aesop – famous for his fables (a succinct fictional story ) and parables – was born in Anatolia.
  • The smallpox vaccination was introduced to England and Europe from Turkey by Lady Montague in the early 19th century (after Turkish physicians saved her son’s life).
  • Alexander the Great conquered a large territory in what is now Turkey and cut the Gordion Knot in the Phrygian capital (Gordium) not far from Turkey’s present-day capital (Ankara).
  • Anatolia is the birthplace of many historical figures such as the Phrygian King Midas, the father of history Herodotus and St Paul.

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