Mardin : A City of Stonework
Mardin is a historical city which is located on a strategic hilltop overlooking the plains of Mesopotamia in southeastern Turkey. The city is melting pot of many cultures and religions.The Mardin castle dominates the old town with stone houses and minarets. Mardin is the candidate to be an iconic Turkey destination like Ephesus and Pamukkale. You can easily tour the old town of Mardin by walking. Let’s travel this ancient city.
The video below shows how beautiful and unique this city is. You can watch it or turn the sound on and continue to reading.
Mardin Stone Houses
Mardin houses reflect the culture and lifestyle of the city. They are well preserved with an old-style carving. The stone houses are dressed with arches and motifs which make each house an art piece. The architecture of the houses is also very suitable for the climate.
The castle also known as Eagle Nest is located at top of the old town hill. It was built in 975 and a thousand meter higher than the ground. There is a tower which still exists on the southern side of the castle. You can have a beautiful view of the Mardin city at the top of the castle.
The place was built as a sun temple before the Christ and definite time is unknown. Later this underground sun temple converted to a church and Syriac-Orthodox Christian monastery was built in the 5th century. It takes its name from the saffron flowers. The monastery is still active and serves as a temple and school.
Kasımiye Theological College (Kasımiye Medresesi)
This 15th-century medrese complex consists of a theological college and domed mosque. The entire complex has a peaceful atmosphere. From the roof, you can see all of the town’s beauty.
Grand Mosque ( Ulu Camii)
Mardin Grand Mosque is the symbol of the city. It is the oldest mosque in the Mardin city. The exact building date is not known but there are written evidence shows it existed in 1176. The mosque is a great example of the stonework. You can see the details in the minaret.
Mor Behnam (Kırklar) Church
The church which took both names from early period Christian legends was built in mid 6th century. Bones of forty martyrs were brought to this church in 1170.
The museum which was the old Syriac-Catholic patriarchate was built in 1895. It has a variety of the collections from the Palaeolithic era to the 19th century. You can see gravestones, inscriptions, statues, jewelries, arms and many more historical artifacts.
You should also see:
Gazi Paşa Primary School
Zinciriye Theological College (Zinciriye Medresesi)
Old PTT Building (Eski PTT Binası)